Date of Award

January 2014

Degree Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Safety, Security, and Emergency Management

First Advisor

E. Scott Dunlap

Department Affiliation

Safety, Security, and Emergency Management

Second Advisor

Ryan K. Baggett

Department Affiliation

Safety, Security, and Emergency Management

Third Advisor

Chad S. Foster

Department Affiliation

Safety, Security, and Emergency Management

Abstract

Because the city of Boston rests along the Atlantic coast and is highly vulnerable to flooding from hurricanes, local emergency planners have considered utilizing phased evacuation and contraflow strategies as a means to more effectively evacuate. This research attempted to determine whether phased evacuation or contraflow are suitable evacuation strategies that can be incorporated into Boston's evacuation plan in order to increase the evacuation rate and reduce motor vehicle congestion.

A computer simulation evaluating the use and non-use of phased evacuation and contraflow was performed. The simulated evacuation included 50% of the population from South Boston and the Columbia Point peninsula of Dorchester and a 20% shadow evacuation from downtown Boston. This research concludes that when an evacuation anticipates moving 60,000 vehicles or less from coastal areas, contraflow may not be necessary, while phased evacuation will require thorough planning prior to implementation to avoid extending an evacuation beyond the scheduled time frame.

Share

COinS