Date of Award

January 2014

Degree Type

Open Access Thesis

Document Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Mathematics and Statistics

First Advisor

Pattie S. Costello

Department Affiliation

Mathematics and Statistics

Second Advisor

Robert John Thomas

Department Affiliation

Mathematics and Statistics


In 2010, under President Obama, A Blueprint for Reform: The Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act was written to reform the No Child Left Behind Act that was signed into law in 2002 by President George W. Bush. The new goal under the reform was that by 2020 all students will graduate from high school and be college and career ready. With a growing emphasis on all students being successful in the classroom, educators had to explore different methods to implement in the classroom to help all students learn the state standards. Allowing summative assessment retakes was one of the methods that many teachers chose to implement in order to help students succeed in the classroom. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an association exists between whether a student completes summative assessment retakes and retention of content material in high school mathematics classes.