On Association Schemes with Multiplicities 1 or 2
Mathematics and Statistics
Inspired by the work of Amitsur  on finite groups whose irreducible characters all have degree (multiplicity) 1 or 2, in this paper we study association schemes whose irreducible characters all have multiplicity 1 or 2. We will first show that the general case can be reduced to commutative association schemes. Then for commutative association schemes with multiplicities 1 or 2, we prove that their Krein parameters are all rational integers. Using automorphism groups of association schemes, we obtain a characterization and classification of those commutative association schemes all valencies and multiplicities of which are 1 or 2 in terms of Cayley schemes.
Muzychuk, M., & Xu, B. (2021). On Association Schemes with Multiplicities 1 or 2. Journal of Algebra, 585, 89–116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalgebra.2021.06.004
Journal of Algebra