The World Wide Web, more colloquially known as the Internet, has become an integral of the lives of billions of people across the globe. This globe spanning information network brought about a revolutionary form of communication that does not concern itself with geographical barriers. There are millions of new devices being added to the Internet every day, and these devices are made much more useful to us by being imbued with Internet connectivity. The smartphone combined hundreds of different devices into a pocket-sized computer and paved the way for the birth of the Internet of Things. The Internet of Things (IoT, for short) is a subset of the Internet that consists only of machines. These machines exchange information without human interference by using machine-to-machine (M2M) communication. Each device connected to the IoT is equipped with sensors that form a picture of the surrounding environment. By exchanging information with other devices, each device gains access to a massive amount of data gathered by millions of sensors. The machines can then make decisions based on that data to automate tasks in our daily lives. The full implementation of such a network is an eventuality, but there are several challenges to overcome first. Insecure design of devices and the possibility of the automation paradox are two major obstacles that must be overcome. There are solutions to these problems, such as a “security-in-layers” approach and the development of secure IoT protocols. These advancements will lead us into a second machine revolution and make an entirely new level of smart technology achievable.

Semester/Year of Award

Spring 2018


Dr. Vigyan Chandra

Department/Professional Affiliation

College of Business and Technology

Access Options

Restricted Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Honors Scholars


Applied Engineering and Technology