Hormones in relation to psychological outcomes have been studied extensively. This literature review will break down the previous research about hormones in relation to masculine and feminine outcomes. Masculine outcomes are related to testosterone and feminine outcomes are related to estrogen. These results will then be connected to an individual’s self-construal and self-definition. Past research has looked at how testosterone and estrogen influence masculine and feminine outcomes. However, they have yet to conduct a study that looks at how these hormones influence an individual’s self-construal and self-definition. This literature aims to explain past research and then propose a study for future research that will examine this lacking information.

Keywords: hormones, self-definition, self-construal

Semester/Year of Award

Spring 5-9-2020


Jonathan Gore

Mentor Professional Affiliation

Department of Psychology

Access Options

Restricted Access Thesis

Degree Name

Honors Scholars