Date of Award

January 2017

Degree Type

Open Access Dissertation

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


Educational Leadership and Policy Studies

First Advisor

Charles S. Hausman

Department Affiliation

Educational Leadership and Policy Studies

Second Advisor

Allen Ault

Department Affiliation

Justice Studies

Third Advisor

E. Scott Dunlap

Department Affiliation

Safety, Security, and Emergency Management


The purpose of this study was to analyze employment outcomes and leadership practices of graduates from a Leadership Excellence for Middle Managers program conducted at a state-operated university from 2007 to 2014. The target population of the leadership development program graduates included representatives from the public and private sector, males and females, and various age groups. The study was conducted as a Kirkpatrick (1994) level two training evaluation—focusing on the change that occurred after completion of the training program. A written survey was used to gather data regarding post-graduation employment outcomes and included the Leadership Practices Inventory 4th Edition (Kouzes & Posner, 2013) for self-scoring of the respondents' individual leadership practices.

The LPI-Self provided the opportunity for scoring the five leadership practices as identified by Kouzes and Posner (2002). The middle managers scored the highest in the area of Enabling Others to Act with a mean score of 8.44 and scored the lowest in the area of Inspire a Shared Vision with a mean score of 6.55 on a 1 to 10 scale with 10 being highest. Respondents noted the following employment outcomes: 56.3% received a job promotion, 62.5% received a pay increase, and 37.5% completed additional training or education. The study includes descriptive statistics and correlation analysis to fully describe the employment outcomes and leadership skills realized by the respondents.