Application of the QUIlF Thermobarometer to the Peralkaline Trachytes and Pantellerites of the Eburru Volcanic Complex, East African Rift, Kenya.

Author ORCID Identifier

John C. White ORCID iD icon


Physics, Geosciences, and Astronomy

Department Name When Scholarship Produced


Document Type


Publication Date



The Quaternary Eburru volcanic complex in the south-central Kenya Rift consists of pantelleritic trachytes and pantellerites. The phenocryst assemblage in the trachytes is sanidine+fayalite+ferrohedenbergite+aenigmatite±quartz±ilmenite±magnetite± pyrrhotite±pyrite. In the pantellerites, the assemblage is sanidine+quartz+ferrohedenbergite+fayalite+aenigmatite+ferrorichterite+ pyrrhotite±apatite, although fayalite, ferrohedenbergite and ilmenite are absent from more evolved rocks (e.g. with SiO2N71%). QUILF temperature calculations for the trachytes range from 709 to 793 °C and for the pantellerites 668–708 °C, the latter temperatures being among the lowest recorded for peralkaline silicic magmas. The QUILF thermobarometer demonstrates that the Eburru magmas crystallized at relatively low oxidation states (ΔFMQ +0.5 to −1.6) for both trachytes and pantellerites. The trachytes and pantellerites evolved along separate liquid lines of descent, the trachytes possibly deriving from a more mafic parent by fractional crystallization and the pantellerites from extreme fractionation of comenditic magmas.

Journal Title