Peralkaline Felsic Magmatism at the Nemrut Volcano, Turkey: Impact of Volcanism on the Evolution of Lake Van (Anatolia)
Author ORCID Identifier
John C. White https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5107-6847
Physics, Geosciences, and Astronomy
Department Name When Scholarship Produced
Nemrut volcano, adjacent to Lake Van (Turkey), is one of the most important peralkaline silicic centres in the world, where magmatism for ~570,000 years has been dominated by peralkaline trachytes and rhyolites. Using onshore and Lake Van drill site tephra samples, we document the phenocryst and glass matrix compositions, confirming a complete spectrum from very rare mafic to dominantly silicic magmas. Magma mixing has been common and, along with the multi-lineage nature of the magmas, indicates that Nemrut has been a very open system where, nevertheless, compositionally zoned caps developed during periods of relative eruptive quiescence. Geothermometry suggests that the intermediate-silicic magmas evolved in an upper crustal magma reservoir at temperatures between 1100 and 750 °C, at fO2 close to the FMQ buffer. The silicic magmas either were halogen poor or exsolved a halogen-rich phase prior to or during eruption. An unusual Pb-rich phase, with up to 98.78 wt% PbO, is interpreted as having exsolved from the intermediate-rhyolitic magmas.
Macdonald, R., Sumita, M., Schmincke, H.-U., Bagiński, B., White, J.C., and Ilnicki, S.S., 2015, Peralkaline felsic magmatism at the Nemrut volcano, Turkey: Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van (Anatolia). IV. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 169, article 34, 22 p. (doi: 10.1007/s00410-015-1127-6)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology