Group living in animals comes with struggles of the allocations of resources. As a result, many social animals have hierarchies to determine who has access to resources such as food and water first. Hierarchies are established through signals. For this honors thesis project, research previously done by Dr. Makecha was coded and analyzed to investigate another potential submissive signal in a group of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) at Busch Gardens, Tampa Bay, Florida. The potential signal was a rear to front orient, with the lower ranking animal presenting its posterior to the higher-ranking animal. Initial results suggest that this behavior may be submissive.

Semester/Year of Award

Fall 2017


Dr. Radhika Makecha

Department/Professional Affiliation

Animal Studies

Access Options

Restricted Access Thesis

Degree Name

Honors Scholars