As opioids and their derivatives become more common in the United States, individuals with substance abuse problems can add more artillery to their arsenal. The increasing use of opioid pain relievers has been termed “The Opioid Crisis”. Centered in southern states such as Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia, Tennessee, and Georgia, in addition to other states through the U.S. (Patrick et al., 2015), the Opioid Epidemic does not discriminate against the victims that succumb to the numbing effects of narcotic analgesics. Drugs such as morphine, heroin, fentanyl, and methadone are all players in the sinister team that makes up abused drugs in the Opioid Epidemic. As this problem spreads, it is inevitable that these drugs would affect the life of unborn children when pregnant mothers take these substances during their pregnancy, resulting in a condition called Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS).

Semester/Year of Award

Fall 11-26-2020


Dr. Michelyn Bhandari

Mentor Department Affiliation

Health Promotion and Administration

Access Options

Restricted Access Thesis

Document Type

Bachelor Thesis

Degree Name

Honors Scholars

Degree Level



Baccalaureate and Graduate Nursing