In this study, I examine the voting behavior of Southerners, non-Southerners, Evangelicals, and non-Evangelicals in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. Using data from the ANES 2016 Time Series Study, I compare the proportions of Trump, Clinton, and other voters between Southerners and non-Southerners, Evangelicals and non-Evangelicals, and Southern and non-Southern Evangelicals. Both Southerners and Evangelicals were more likely to support the Republican candidate and less likely to support the Democratic candidate than non-Southerners and non-Evangelicals. An unexpected and unique difference between third-party and independent candidate support between Evangelicals and non-Evangelicals suggests that some factor prevents Evangelicals for supporting candidates outside off the two-party duopoly. While the data shows that Southern Evangelicals were more likely to support the Republican candidate that non-Southern Evangelicals, the data failed to show a significant difference in support for the Democratic candidate. When comparing Southern Evangelicals to all Southerners and all Evangelicals, I found that Southern Evangelicals appear to behave as a unique group of Southerners, and less as a unique group of Evangelicals. These findings, though not entirely supportive of the idea that Southern and non-Southern Evangelicals are completely unique, suggest that differences between the two groups do exist, and worth further study. The idea that Southern Evangelicals behave as a unique group of Southerners may have wider implications for how political strategists and candidates, both Republican and Democratic, form election platforms and campaign in the South.

Semester/Year of Award

Spring 2021


Dr. Anne Cizmar

Mentor Department Affiliation

Government and Economics

Access Options

Restricted Access Thesis

Degree Name

Honors Scholars

Degree Level



Government and Economics