E.T.A. Hoffmann's imaginative and descriptive literature was incredibly influential to the development of the Romantic Era of music. The Classical Era of music, with its use of eight-measure periodicity, differentiated rhythm, and advancing tonality and harmony created the framework for the Romantic Era to flourish. With its basis, the Romantic Era of music was influenced by many humanistic concepts from the overall Romanticism of the era. Part of this transition was the shift of focus from that of absolute music, or music for the sake of music, to programmatic music, music composed to reference emotion, scenes, ideas, or characters. This transition was greatly influenced by the dramatic, imaginative, and extravagant literature of E.T.A. Hoffmann, whose many stories and characters influenced the likes of many great composers such as Schumann, Tchaikovsky, Ravel, Offenbach, and more.

Semester/Year of Award

Fall 2021


Richard A. Crosby

Mentor Department Affiliation


Access Options

Restricted Access Thesis

Document Type

Bachelor Thesis

Degree Name

Honors Scholars

Degree Level