Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has had a significant global impact on infant death rates since before the 1990s. Despite various social campaigns resulting in a significant drop in rates, SIDS is still the leading cause of infant death in the United States. By comparing cultural normalities, risk factors, and incidence internationally, new research can be conducted. Ireland was chosen as the comparative country due to similar socioeconomic statuses, environmental terrains, and heritages. Research was collected first-hand in Ireland through a study abroad experience where key contacts and observations were made. There is no known cause or cure known for SIDS, but recent research questions the impact of infant handling techniques on the risk and prevention of SIDS. These infant handling strategies focus not only how to lay the infant safely to sleep but also how to safely position the baby while they are awake. It is extremely important to assist the infant in developing their musculoskeletal system in order to aid in their development, as pitfalls in development increase the risk of SIDS. However, many of the SIDS safe sleep campaigns have led parents to implement these strategies while the infant is still awake, causing developmental delays. In this way and others, there is an apparent educational gap among parents, caregivers, generations, and even health care providers. The objective of this systematic review is to compare the infant handling techniques in the United States and Ireland in their effectiveness to reduce the risk or incidence of SIDS.

Semester/Year of Award

Fall 2022


Susan Skees-Hermes

Mentor Department Affiliation

Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy

Access Options

Open Access Thesis

Document Type

Bachelor Thesis

Degree Name

Honors Scholars

Degree Level



Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy