Open Access Capstone
Doctor of Occupational Therapy (OTD)
Background: Current literature on adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) show that social participation is a key factor of community reintegration and long-term recovery (Mekori et al., 2017; Preyde et al., 2017); however, there is little known about the impact of social eating for adolescents with AN.
Purpose: The purpose of this instrumental case study is to more fully understand the meaning of social eating during lunch for adolescents with AN and begin to illustrate social eating’s impact on treatment, community re-integration, and long-term remission.
Methods: A qualitative case-study methodology was developed to gain perceptions of social eating from adolescents with AN. Data collection included semi-structured interviews from adolescents with AN admitted into an inpatient ED program. Data analysis consisted of coding interview transcripts and organizing recurrent beliefs among participants into patterns.
Results. Three patterns emerged from the three participants’ interviews: Pressure Cooker, Bread Maker, and Hand Mixer. Each pattern illustrated limitations or barriers perceived by participants when taking part in social eating. Factors such as peer social pressures, environmental shortcomings, and extrinsic expectations negatively influenced participants’ occupational engagement and performance.
Conclusions: Study results provided a better understanding to perceptions of social eating during lunch for adolescents with AN and further insight to the limitations of current AN treatment that may be impairing poor community re-integration and increasing likelihood of recurrent hospital admissions.
Christine Privott Ph.D, OTR/L
Geela Spira Ph.D, OTR/L
2022 Madelyn M. Duzyk
Duzyk, Madelyn, "Understanding Perceptions of Social Eating During Lunch for Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa: An Instrumental Case Study" (2022). Occupational Therapy Doctorate Capstone Projects. 87.
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