To test and compare theoretical explanations of the use of corporal punishment in school, the authors examine how well county-level measures of culture, socioeconomic strain, and social capital predict the prevalence and incidence of corporal punishment in Kentucky schools. Although several variables are significantly correlated with corporal punishment use, multivariate regression analyses reveal that high socioeconomic strain and low levels of social capital are the best predictors of (a) the prevalence of corporal punishment in a county’s public school system(s) and (b) a high incidence of corporal punishment in those counties where it is practiced. Explanations and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
May, David and McClure, Timothy, "Dealing with Misbehavior at Schools in Kentucky: Theoretical and Contextual Predicators of Use of Corporal Punishment" (2008). Safety, Security and Emergency Management Faculty and Staff Scholarship. 4.