There are 6034 non-operational schools in Pakistan's southern province of Sindh further complicating the work of the donor agencies; more than half of these non-operational schools (3843) only exist on papers. These shadow schools exist only to usurp international aid earmarked for education. Our research shows that proximity to the population; unavailability of teachers; and lack of infrastructure are some of the fundamental causes driving the closure of more than thirteen percent of schools. Our position is that a large number of these schools can be rehabilitated but that requires a three-phased plan. If implemented, proposed plan would enhance transparency for the international donors, augment direct involvement of local communities, and restore a substantial number of schools to provide primary education to more than 150,000 boys and girls.
Qazi, Wasim Dr.; Rawat, Khalid Jamil; and Hamid, Shams, "Rehabilitating Closed Schools: A Daunting Challenge for Pakistan" (2010). Curriculum and Instruction Faculty and Staff Scholarship. Paper 56.
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