Co-Teaching Versus Apprentice Teaching

Author ORCID Identifier

Dusty EmburyORCID iD icon


Teaching, Learning, and Educational Leadership

Document Type


Publication Date



Although the term co-teaching has for many years described a service delivery option for students with disabilities or other special needs, recently, it has been used as a label for an alternative approach to student teaching. In this article, the authors describe the essential characteristics of co-teaching and what is appropriately called apprentice teaching and outline the similarities and differences between these two collaborative practices, including overall program structure, the contributing characteristics of the participating individuals, and the nature of the professional relationships. The authors provide conclusions regarding the risks for teacher candidates and faculty members of using the same term for significantly different models.

Journal Title

Teacher Education and Special Education

This document is currently not available here.