Metacognition of First Year Occupational Therapy Students: A Comparison of Entry-Level Degrees
Document Type (Journals)
The purpose of this study was to compare the metacognitive awareness among first year students in entry-level occupational therapy programs. The study investigated the similarities and differences in awareness of cognition and strategies used to regulate cognition in occupational therapy assistant (OTA), Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT), and Occupational Therapy Doctorate (OTD) programs to inform teaching practices for the different educational demands and expected outcomes of each program. Thirty occupational therapy students (11 OTA, 10 MOT, and 9 OTD) completed the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) during their first semester of occupational therapy courses at two universities. Overall, the results indicated the student reported use of metacognitive strategies was more similar than dissimilar among the three entry-level programs. Additionally, MAI responses were not predictive of course grades. Instructors can design educational experiences to tap into the metacognition of the student, promoting effective and efficient learning to meet the high educational standards required for our profession. Students who are effective and efficient learners will be more prepared to meet the demands of a complex healthcare environment in their respective practitioner roles.
Leah S. Dunn, EdD, OTR/L is an assistant professor in the Department of Occupational Therapy at Xavier University in Cincinnati, OH. She has 30 years of clinical and educator experience, with over 8 years in full-time academia.
Pamela Lewis-Kipkulei, OTD, OTR/L is an assistant professor in the Department of Occupational Therapy at Arkansas State University in Jonesboro, AR. She has 27 years of clinical and educator experiences, with over 3 years in full time academia.
Roy Bower, PhD was an assistant professor in the Department of Mathematics at Xavier University in Cincinnati, OH. He is currently an assistant professor at Furman University, in Greenville, SC. He has taught statistics since 2011.
Declaration of Interest
The authors report no declarations of interest.
Dunn, L. S., Lewis-Kipkulei, P., & Bower, R. (2019). Metacognition of First Year Occupational Therapy Students: A Comparison of Entry-Level Degrees. Journal of Occupational Therapy Education, 3 (4). https://doi.org/10.26681/jote.2019.030401
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