Document Type (Journals)
The purpose of this study was to explore student self-efficacy for performance of clinical skills learned virtually, the effectiveness of teaching clinical skills online, the relationships between students’ feelings of self-efficacy and the performance of clinical skills, and the students’ perspectives of learning clinical skills virtually. This is a one-group mixed methods study that included twenty-one Master of Occupational Therapy students. Self-efficacy was measured using the Learning Self-Efficacy Scale (L-SES), performance was measured using an instructor-created rubric, and qualitative data was collected using open-ended questions. Students presented with higher levels of self-efficacy for range of motion (ROM) than manual muscle testing (MMT). For MMT, self-efficacy ratings in the Affective Domain were statistically significantly higher than those in the Cognitive and Psychomotor Domains. There were no relationships between L-SES scores and the physical competency exam score. Common themes identified were factors that increased self-efficacy and factors that decreased self-efficacy. This study provides foundational evidence supporting the use of multi-media resources to teach clinical skills virtually and supports online instruction as an effective method for teaching clinical skills and for promoting sufficient self-efficacy for performance of clinical skills.
Brittany Nash, PT, DPT, OTR/L, MTC is an Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, at Florida A&M University. Her areas of interest are orthopedics, hands and student learning/success.
Anita Mitchell, PhD, OTR, FAOTA is a Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health Professions, at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center. Her primary areas of interest are pediatrics and student learning.
Jian Jones, PhD, OTR/L, ACSM-CEP is an Assistant Professor and Academic Fieldwork Coordinator, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, at Florida Agricultural & Mechanical University. Research interests include occupation, identity, mindfulness, student empowerment, and Hip-Hop pedagogy.
Jeff Etheridge, EdD, OTR/L is an Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, at Florida A&M University. His interests include mental health, professionalism education, group interventions and communication skills.
Declaration of Interest
The authors report no declarations of interest.
Nash, B., MItchell, A. W., Jones, J., & Etheridge, J. (2022). Student Self-Efficacy Levels for Performing Clinical Skills Learned Virtually During a Pandemic. Journal of Occupational Therapy Education, 6 (3). Retrieved from https://encompass.eku.edu/jote/vol6/iss3/9
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